Accession Number : ADA322490

Title :   Superfund: Proposals to Remove Barriers to Brownfield Redevelopment,

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC RESOURCES COMMUNITY AND ECONOMIC DEVE LOPMENT DIV

Personal Author(s) : Guerrero, Peter F.

PDF Url : ADA322490

Report Date : 04 MAR 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : I am pleased to be here today to discuss the Committee's efforts to support the cleanup and redevelopment of hazardous waste properties across the country. Over the past several decades, manufacturing has been declining in many of the nation's cities. When businesses closed, they often left abandoned and idled properties, commonly known as 'brownfields.' These properties are sometimes contaminated with chemical wastes from manufacturing processes. Partly to avoid the costs of assessing and cleaning up these properties according to federal and state environmental laws, some new businesses have chosen to locate in uncontaminated areas outside cities known as 'greenfields.' These decisions have led to the loss of tax revenue and employment in central city neighborhoods. The Congress has been interested in finding ways to help localities clean up and redevelop brownfields. This Committee asked us to provide it with information on the legal barriers that the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, commonly known as Superfund, presents for redeveloping brownfields and types of federal financial support that states and localities would like to help them address such properties. This testimony summarizes the major findings from our June 1996 report on brownfield redevelopment and information from an ongoing review for this Committee of states' voluntary cleanup programs. These programs substitute incentives for enforcement actions to encourage, rather than compel, private parties to clean up contaminated properties. States are beginning to use these programs to address brownfields because they are faster and less costly than enforcement programs.

Descriptors :   *MANUFACTURING, *BARRIERS, *WASTE DISPOSAL, *CLEANING, *CONTAMINATION, *LAW ENFORCEMENT, *HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, *FEDERAL LAW, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, ENVIRONMENTS, CHEMICALS, COSTS, LOSSES, WASTES, HAZARDOUS WASTES, LEGISLATION, FINANCE, URBAN AREAS, TAXES, STATE LAW, REVENUE SHARING.

Subject Categories : Information Science
      Solvents, Cleaners, and Abrasives
      Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE