Accession Number : ADA322506
Title : New Motion Planning and Real-Time Localization Methods Using Proximity for Autonomous Mobile Robots.
Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,
Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
Personal Author(s) : Wahdan, Mahmoud A.
PDF Url : ADA322506
Report Date : SEP 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 250
Abstract : One of the most difficult theoretical problems in robotics--motion planning for rigid body robots-- must be solved before a robot can perform real-world tasks such as mine searching and processing. This dissertation proposes a new motion planning algorithm for an autonomous robot, as well as the method and results of implementing this algorithm on a real vehicle. This dissertation addresses the problem of safely navigating an autonomous vehicle through free space of a two dimensional, world model with polygonal obstacles from a start configuration (position orientation) to a goal configuration using smooth motion under the structure of a layered motion planning approach. The approach proposes several new concepts, including v-edges and directed v-edges, and divides the motion planning problem of a rigid body vehicle into two subproblems: (1) finding a global path using Voronoi diagrams and for a given start and goal configurations planning an optimal global path; the planned path is a sequence of directed v-edges, (2) planning a local motion from the start configuration, using the aforementioned global path. The problem of how to design a safe and smooth path, is effectively solved by the steering function method and proximity. Another problem addressed here is how to make a smooth transition when the vehicle gets closer to an intersection of two distinct boundaries. This dissertation also presents a robust algorithm for the vehicle to continually eliminate its positional uncertainty while executing missions. This functionality is called self-localization which is an essential component of model-based navigation for indoor applications. This algorithm is based on the two-dimensional transformation group. Through this method, the robot can minimize its positional uncertainty, make safe and reliable motions, and perform useful tasks in a partially known world.
Descriptors : *ROBOTICS, *AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION, ALGORITHMS, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, IMAGE PROCESSING, POSITION(LOCATION), OPTIMIZATION, REAL TIME, ROBOTS, BEARING(DIRECTION), DIRECTION FINDING, THESES, LEAST SQUARES METHOD, SELF OPERATION, OPERATING SYSTEMS(COMPUTERS), COLLISION AVOIDANCE, SONAR, SURFACE NAVIGATION.
Subject Categories : Cybernetics
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE