Accession Number : ADA322518
Title : Assessing the Relationship Between Section 404 and Wetland Losses: A Feasibility Study.
Corporate Author : NATIONAL ECOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER FORT COLLINS CO
Personal Author(s) : Gladwin, Douglas N. ; Roelle, James E. ; Asherin, Duane A.
PDF Url : ADA322518
Report Date : SEP 1989
Pagination or Media Count : 26
Abstract : The primary objective of the Clean Water Act of 1977 (33 U.S.C. 1251) is to restore and maintain the physical, chemical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters. Section 404 of the Act regulates the discharge of dredged or fill materials into wetlands and represents the primary Federal authority for regulation of wetland alterations. Since its inception, the Section 404 program has been controversial in regard to the extent to which it was intended to provide wetlands regulation. Section 404 requires those who wish to discharge dredged or fill material into waters of the United States, which include many wetlands, to first obtain a Federal permit. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has overall responsibility for administration of the Section 404 program and promulgates guidelines that must be followed in issuing permits. In addition, EPA has the final authority to prohibit specific discharges if the environmental impacts are unacceptable. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) issues Section 404 permits, which can be of two types. Individual Permits are issued following case-by-case reviews of proposed discharges. General Permits, which can be either nationwide or regional in scope, are authorized by the Corps for categories of activities that are similar in nature and that have only minimal individual and cumulative adverse environmental impacts. EPA, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), and State natural resource agencies review and comment on permit applications and offer recommendations on appropriate mitigation measures.
Descriptors : *NATURAL RESOURCES, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *HAZARDOUS WASTES, *POLLUTION ABATEMENT, *WETLANDS, *ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, *DREDGED MATERIALS, *HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, UNITED STATES, CHEMICALS, WATER, FEASIBILITY STUDIES, ADVERSE CONDITIONS, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, FISHERIES, WILDLIFE.
Subject Categories : Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE