Accession Number : ADA322580
Title : Synthesis of Ceramics from Solutions: Functionally Graded Composites, NanoComposites and Single Crystal Thin Films. Technical Reports 1 - 7 with a Technical Summary.
Descriptive Note : Technical repts. 1-7, Dec 95-Nov 96,
Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA DEPT OF MATERIALS
Personal Author(s) : Lange, Fred F.
PDF Url : ADA322580
Report Date : 28 FEB 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 7
Abstract : This program has emphasized two topics: (1) the crystallization of metastable, solid-solution structures, their partitioning into equilibrium structures and compositions, and the role of the metastable phase and its partitioning on forming unique, nanometer microstructures important to the mechanics of structural ceramics and their composites, and (2) the formation of single crystal thin films via spin coating single crystal substrates with solution precursors. Results for the first topic are new, namely, the discovery that diffusion limited crystallization concepts used in rapid solidification directly applies to precursors that crystallize at low temperatures during heating. This discovery is significant because solid-solutions can be greatly extended relative to high temperature synthesis and processing routes where equilibrium conditions are rapidly achieved and solid-solutions can be severely limited. Extension of solid-solution fields (and thus defect chemistries) in compositional space is important to synthesize new materials with optical and electronic properties controlled by defect chemistry and/or metastable compositions. Results for the second topic have shown that single crystal thin films can be formed on single crystal substrates with spin-on liquid precursors despite large differences in lattice parameters and/or crystal structures. Several mechanisms have been identified for the growth of single crystal thin films which are very different to the well know vapor phase epitaxy mechanisms. The significance of the second topic is that single crystal (or poly-variant single crystal) thin films of nearly any inorganic material can be produced on any non-reactive (thermodynamically or kinetically) single crystal substrate, despite crystal structure differences between the film and substrate materials.
Descriptors : *COMPOSITE MATERIALS, *THIN FILMS, *SINGLE CRYSTALS, *CERAMIC MATERIALS, OPTICAL PROPERTIES, LOW TEMPERATURE, MICROSTRUCTURE, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, SYNTHESIS, LAYERS, LIQUIDS, STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES, PRECURSORS, PROCESSING, HIGH TEMPERATURE, ELECTROMAGNETIC PROPERTIES, EPITAXIAL GROWTH, SUBSTRATES, CRYSTALLIZATION, SOLIDIFICATION, VAPOR PHASES, MECHANICS, CHEMISTRY, COATINGS, EMBEDDING, DIFFUSION, SOLID SOLUTIONS, CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM, METASTABLE STATE, INORGANIC MATERIALS, SPINNERS.
Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
Ceramics, Refractories and Glass
Laminates and Composite Materials
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE