Accession Number : ADA322682

Title :   Imperial Military Policy and the Bechuanaland Pioneers and Gunners during the Second World War.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Shackleton, Deborah A.

PDF Url : ADA322682

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 372

Abstract : This is a study of how a small British Protectorate in southern Africa went about the complex process of organizing its human and material resources for the Second World War. That process--the process of mobilization--is used as a lens for examining the evolution of British military policy in Bechuanaland and how it affected the employment of African soldiers. From the end of the nineteenth century, the British developed personal and military relations with Africans that cumulatively subordinated Africans to noncombatant in 'white men's wars'. British military needs and policies changed over time with the changing fortunes of its empire. In theory the British Regular Army was responsible for the defense of British strategic interests around the globe. However, Great Britain lacked the manpower to defend its possessions from foreign enemies. As a result, the British army heavily recruited colonial soldiers to augment its regiments during the Second World War. Botswana soldiers were recruited into British auxiliary support units primarily as laborers and anti-aircraft gunners. They served in North Africa, the Middle East and Italy throughout the war. Britain's colonial ideology regarding African soldiers was patronizing and cloaked in self-serving protectionism. Africans were to be protected from corrupting influences and wider global conflicts. The policy was unrealistic and difficult to implement as news of the Second World War spread. Botswana leaders responded quickly to the declaration of war, began recruiting campaigns, and helped organize military training facilities. However, African soldiers had fewer opportunities for advancement within the British army and cases of racial discrimination abounded.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *PERSONNEL SELECTION, *AFRICANS, POLICIES, HUMAN RESOURCES, EMPLOYMENT, ARMY PERSONNEL, MOBILIZATION, PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), RECRUITING, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, MILITARY TRAINING, AFRICA, GUNNERS, NONCOMBATANT, RACIAL DISCRIMINATION, UNITED KINGDOM.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE