Accession Number : ADA322798

Title :   Sand and Gravel Pits as Fish and Wildlife Habitat in the Southwest,

Corporate Author : ARIZONA UNIV TUCSON

Personal Author(s) : Matter, William J. ; Mannan, R. W.

PDF Url : ADA322798

Report Date : 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : The mining of sand and gravel deposits in the floodplains of rivers can disturb valuable riparian habitat in the arid Southwest. Disturbed land can be reclaimed to provide fish and wildlife habitat if water is present. The depth, shoreline shape and slope, area, location and number of sand and gravel pits, and the plant species that revegetate disturbed areas can be managed to influence subsequent colonization by animals. Native species of plants generally are preferable to exotics when revegetating disturbed areas, even if native species require special treatments to become established. Stream side pits can be made into backwater habitats, but they must be protected from flooding and sedimentation. Monitoring of critical habitat features and plant and animal species is necessary to document the effectiveness of reclamation efforts, and to ensure that habitat, once established, is not lost.

Descriptors :   *GRAVEL, *SAND, *HABITATS, *WILDLIFE, *FISHES, ECOSYSTEMS, RIVERS, WETLANDS, BANKS(WATERWAYS), VEGETATION, LAND AREAS, SEDIMENTATION, SHORES, PLANTS(BOTANY), FLOOD PLAINS, RECLAMATION.

Subject Categories : Biology
      Ecology
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE