Accession Number : ADA323042

Title :   Vole Management in Fruit Orchards.

Descriptive Note : Biological rept.,

Corporate Author : NEW YORK COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNIT ITHACA NY

Personal Author(s) : Tobin, Mark E. ; Richnond, Milo E.

PDF Url : ADA323042

Report Date : MAR 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : Meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus), pine voles (M. pinetorum), and montane voles (M. montanus) cause significant economic damage in apple orchards throughout the eastern United States and in a few northwestern states where apples are grown commercially. By girdling the bark and roots, these rodents kill trees, reduce yields, and prolong the time for new plantings to come into production. We describe the identification, ecology, and behavior of voles in apple orchards, evaluate the types, extent, and magnitude of losses inflicted by these pests, and describe measures for reducing damage. cost-effective reduction. Proper selection, timing, and application is essential for obtaining best results with rodenticides.

Descriptors :   *RODENTS, *ORCHARDS, UNITED STATES, MONITORING, TREES, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, MICE, HABITATS, ECOLOGY, EAST(DIRECTION), DAMAGE CONTROL, FRUITS, PESTS, RODENTICIDES.

Subject Categories : Biology
      Ecology
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE