Accession Number : ADA323238

Title :   The Nature of the General Factor in Hierarchical Models of the Structure of Cognitive Abilities: Alternative Models Tested on Data from Regular and Experimental Military Enlistment Tests.

Corporate Author : GOTEBORG UNIV (SWEDEN)

Personal Author(s) : Gustafsson, Jan-Eric ; Mutheon, Bengt O.

PDF Url : ADA323238

Report Date : 13 AUG 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : Hierarchical models of the structure of cognitive abilities offer theoretical as well as practical advantages (Gustafsson, 1988, 1994a, in press-a; Loliman, 1991). Such models may resolve the conflict between theorists who emphasize one general ability (e. g., Spearman, 1927; Jensen, 1987; Humphreys, 1985), and theorists who emphasize several specialized abilities (e. g., Thurstone, 1938; Guilford, 1967; Gardner, 1985), by allowing for both categories of abilities in the model. The hierarchical approach also offers possibilities for solving prediction problems efficiently and parsimoniously (Gustafsson, 1988, 1989; Muthen, 1994). There are several alternative hierarchical models, however (Gustafsson, 1994a, in press-b).

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, *PSYCHOMOTOR TESTS, MILITARY PERSONNEL, SKILLS, PREDICTIONS, EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, ENLISTED PERSONNEL, RECRUITING, TEST METHODS, PROBLEM SOLVING, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, VISUAL PERCEPTION, HIERARCHIES, MENTAL ABILITY.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE