Accession Number : ADA323548

Title :   Sustaining Health and Performance in the Cold: Environmental Medicine Guidance for Cold-Weather Operations.

Descriptive Note : Technical note,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Young, A. J. ; Roberts, D. E. ; Scott, D. P. ; Cook, J. E. ; Mays, M. Z.

PDF Url : ADA323548

Report Date : JUL 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 52

Abstract : History is filled with examples of the significant impact of cold nonmilitary operations. Among US Army and Army Air Force troops, there were over 90,000 cold injuries requiring medical treatment during World War II, and another 10,000 during the Korean War, accounting for 10 percents of all causalities experienced during these conflict. German casualties due to cold injury during World War II were comparable or greater than experienced by the US Army. Given that the average air temperature recorded when cold injuries were experienced during World War II was 30 F., and that temperature this low are experienced over about 60% of the earth's surface , leaders must appreciate cold weather effects on soldier health and performance commanders at all levels.

Descriptors :   *COLD WEATHER OPERATIONS, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MEDICAL SERVICES, *COLD TOLERANCE, LOW TEMPERATURE, MILITARY PERSONNEL, WARFARE, AIR FORCE, GLOBAL, ENVIRONMENTS, WEATHER, ARMY PERSONNEL, HEALTH, RAIN, CASUALTIES, GUIDANCE, EARTH SURFACE, KOREA, ARMY, MILITARY COMMANDERS, COLD WEATHER, GERMANY(EAST AND WEST).

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Stress Physiology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE