Accession Number : ADA323565

Title :   Methods for Training Cognitive Skills in Battlefield Situation Assessment.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 94-Sep 96,

Corporate Author : COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES INC ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Freeman, Jared T. ; Cohen, Marvin S.

PDF Url : ADA323565

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 88

Abstract : Situation assessment provides the basis for decisions by battlefield commanders and their staff during both planning and operations. In previous work, we developed a framework for battlefield commanders' situation assessment from interviews with active-duty command staff and from published work in cognitive psychology. The present report describes methods for training cognitive skills in situation assessment based on that framework. Two training methods have been developed, both of which focus on metacognitive skills involved in verifying and improving assessments and plans. The first method helps officers find and assess the reliability of hidden assumptions. It includes a devils' advocate technique that forces officers to imagine that their assessment is wrong and to explain why, as well as techniques for handling potential problems that are found. The second method helps officers find and resolve conflicting evidence. It includes techniques for trying to explain the conflicting data in terms of the current assessment, evaluating the plausibility of the explanations, and generating alternative assessments. The training techniques have been experimentally tested with active-duty officers, and the results of that testing are described in a companion report.

Descriptors :   *SKILLS, *BATTLEFIELDS, *COGNITION, DECISION MAKING, TRAINING, TEACHING METHODS, RELIABILITY, ACTIVE DUTY, HANDLING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, MILITARY COMMANDERS, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE