Accession Number : ADA323751

Title :   The Federal Helium Program: The Reaction Over An Inert Gas.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s) : Mielke, James E.

PDF Url : ADA323751

Report Date : 09 OCT 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 6

Abstract : Helium, present in relatively high concentrations in only a few natural gas fields, is released to the atmosphere and wasted when the natural gas is burned as fuel. Government involvement in helium conservation dates to the Helium Act of 1925 which authorized the Bureau of Mines to build and operate a large-scale helium extraction and purification plant. From 1929 until 1960 the federal government was the only domestic helium producer. In 1960, Congress amended the Helium Act to provide incentives to natural gas producers for stripping natural gas of its helium, for purchase of the separated helium by the government, and for its long-term storage. With over 960 million cubic meters (34.6 billion cubic feet) of helium in government storage and a large private helium recovery industry, questions arise as to the need for either the federal helium extraction program or the federally maintained helium stockpile.

Descriptors :   *GASES, *HELIUM, *INERT MATERIALS, *NATURAL GAS, CONGRESS, RECOVERY, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, HIGH RATE, FUELS, PURIFICATION, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), EXTRACTION, SEPARATION, INDUSTRIAL PLANTS, DOMESTIC, STORAGE, CONSERVATION, ATMOSPHERES, STOCKPILES, WASTES(INDUSTRIAL).

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Fuels
      Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE