Accession Number : ADA323776

Title :   Migrations of Women to and from Nontraditional Military Occupations.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : GENERAL RESEARCH CORP MCLEAN VA

Personal Author(s) : Wood, Sara L. ; Pappas, Linda ; Lovely, Robin ; Johnson, Roger

PDF Url : ADA323776

Report Date : 15 JUL 1979

Pagination or Media Count : 130

Abstract : This report analyzes and compares males and females who migrate to and from nontraditional female occupations. It also describes the Army population of reclassified enlisted personnel. Findings show that, while there is little difference in the rates at which males and females apply to leave nontraditional jobs, females are far more likely to be reclassified into traditionally female occupations. There is little evidence that occupational evaluation is gender related. Both males and females in traditional occupations evaluate their jobs more positively than those in nontraditional occupations. There is similarly little evidence of differences between male and female respondents on demographic variables such as education and marital status. There is, however, a difference between this sample and the Army wide population in levels of educational attainment. The sample is more highly educated (over 50% have at least some college) than the general Army enlisted population. This educational bias may be a factor in motivation to migrate. Finally, although evaluation of the job did not vary by sex, career motivation as a reason for migration and career intentions toward the military did. Women who migrate to traditional occupations evaluate their occupational situation very positively. Conversely, men who migrate to nontraditional occupations tend to evaluate their jobs negatively. These two groups are motivated toward an Army career.

Descriptors :   *ARMY PERSONNEL, *MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES, *JOB SATISFACTION, *FEMALES, JOBS, GROUP DYNAMICS, MANPOWER UTILIZATION, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), ENLISTED PERSONNEL, DEMOGRAPHY, MANPOWER, MALES, MOTIVATION, PERSONNEL SELECTION, BILLETS(PERSONNEL), PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), INTELLIGENCE(HUMANS), REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE, GENDER DISCRIMINATION.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE