Accession Number : ADA323822

Title :   Bioremediation of Hydrazine: A Literature Review.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. 7 Dec 93-1 Mar 95,

Corporate Author : ARMSTRONG LAB TYNDALL AFB FL ENVIRONICS DIRECTORATE

Personal Author(s) : Kuch, David J.

PDF Url : ADA323822

Report Date : 06 APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Numerous industries utilize hydrazine on a daily basis. The highly toxic hydrazine fuels are utilized by the US Air Force as a rocket propellant and as an emergency power source on the F-16. Civilian industry requires hydrazine in the manufacture of agricultural chemicals and pharmaceuticals, in photography, and as a corrosion inhibitor (oxygen scavenger) in boiler rooms. This literature review was performed as our first step in addressing an USAF Environmental Safety and Occupational Health (ESOH) concerning hydrazine remediation. Large volumes of the fuels are shipped across the highways of the United States annually, increasing the probability of an accidental spill. Such inadvertent releases of hydrazines to the environment are extremely hazardous due to their mutagenic natures. Laboratory bench-scale research has been proposed to develop a more effective and predictable treatment technique. The treatment process needs to be developed to replace existing disposal options, and address the environmental contamination caused by hydrazine spills. Research conducted over the last 20 years has had little success in providing a hydrazine tolerant microbe. Although the use of biological mechanisms has been successfully applied to numerous chemical contaminants, the concentrations of hydrazine at a spill would prove toxic to conventional microbes.

Descriptors :   *HYDRAZINES, AIR FORCE, UNITED STATES, LABORATORY TESTS, INDUSTRIES, ENVIRONMENTS, EMERGENCIES, PREDICTIONS, CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION, BIOLOGY, LITERATURE SURVEYS, CHEMICALS, TOXICITY, CORROSION INHIBITION, FUELS, PHOTOGRAPHY, TOLERANCE, SAFETY, CONCENTRATION(COMPOSITION), POWER SUPPLIES, SPACE(ROOM), CONTAMINATION, DISPOSAL, DRUGS, HIGHWAYS, AGRICULTURE, SPILLING, MICROORGANISMS, BOILERS, ROCKET PROPELLANTS, BENCH TESTS, ACCIDENTS, OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE