Accession Number : ADA324021

Title :   Risk-Based Approach to Petroleum Hydrocarbon Remediation.

Descriptive Note : Research study,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EXCELLENCE BROOKS AFB TX

Personal Author(s) : Miller, R. N. ; Haas, Patrick ; Faile, Marty ; Taffinder, Sam

PDF Url : ADA324021

Report Date : 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : The risk-based approach utilizes tools developed under the BTEX, Intrinsic Remediation (natural attenuation), Bioslurper, and Bioventing Initiatives of the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence Technology Transfer Division (AFCEE/ERT) to construct a risk-based cost-effective approach to the cleanup of petroleum contaminated sites. The AFCEE Remediation Matrix (Enclosure 1) identifies natural attenuation as the first remediation alternative for soil and ground water contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. The intrinsic remediation (natural attenuation) alternative requires a scientifically defensible risk assessment based on contaminant sources, pathways, and receptors. For fuel contaminated sites, the first step is to determine contaminants of interest. For the ground water pathway (usually considered most important by regulators), this will normally be the most soluble, mobile, and toxic compounds, namely benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and o, m, p, xylene (BTEX).

Descriptors :   *RISK, *HYDROCARBONS, *PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, SOURCES, AIR FORCE, TOXICITY, SITES, FUELS, GROUND WATER, SOILS, CONTAMINANTS, ATTENUATION, XYLENES, CONTAMINATION, ETHYL RADICALS, TOLUENES, BENZENE COMPOUNDS.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Miscellaneous Materials
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE