Accession Number : ADA324235

Title :   A Computational Theory of Executive Cognitive Processes and Human Multiple-Task Performance: Part 2. Accounts of Psychological Refractory-Period Phenomena.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. 1 Jan 92-1 Jan 97,

Corporate Author : MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DIV OF RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

Personal Author(s) : Meyer, David E. ; Kieras, David E.

PDF Url : ADA324235

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 87

Abstract : Further simulations of multiple task performance have been conducted with computational models that are based on the Executive Process Interactive Control (EPIC) architecture for human information processing. These models account well for patterns of reaction times and psychological refractory period phenomena (delays of overt responses after short stimulus onset asynchronies) in a variety of laboratory paradigms and realistic situations. This supports the claim of the present theoretical framework that multiple task performance relies on adaptive executive control, which enables substantial amounts of temporal overlap among stimulus identification, response selection, and movement production processes for concurrent tasks. Such overlap is achieved through optimized task scheduling by flexible executive processes that satisfy prevailing instructions about task priorities and allocate limited capacity perceptual motor resources efficiently.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *CUES(STIMULI), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, COGNITION, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REACTION TIME, COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE, PATTERN RECOGNITION, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, MAN COMPUTER INTERFACE, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), EXECUTIVE ROUTINES, EYE MOVEMENTS.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Bionics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE