Accession Number : ADA324382

Title :   Demonstration of the Feasibility of High Temperature Bearing Lubrication From Carbonaceous Gases.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INST TROY NY DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Blanchet, Thierry A. ; Sawyer, W. G.

PDF Url : ADA324382

Report Date : DEC 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 56

Abstract : Research has been conducted on silicon nitride pin-on-disk sliding contacts at temperatures of up to 520 deg C, and four-ball rolling contacts with silicon nitride balls and 52100 steel or silicon nitride races at 590 deg C. These tests were conducted in a variety of gaseous environments in order to determine the effects of simulated engine exhaust gas on the carbonaceous gas decomposition lubrication scheme. In rolling tests with steel races and exhaust gas the wear track depth was roughly half that of tests run in nitrogen gas alone. The deposition of lubricous microcrystalline graphitic carbon on the rolling surfaces, generated from the carbon monoxide within the exhaust gas mixture, was verified by microfocused Raman spectroscopy. Ten-fold reductions in rolling wear could be achieved by the exhaust gas atmosphere in cases where water vapor was removed or not present. The exhaust gas mixture alone was not found to provide any lubricating effect on silicon nitride sliding contacts, where the rate of wear greatly exceeds the rate of carbon deposition. Directed admixture of acetylene (as low as 5% of the exhaust gas flow rates), has provided reductions in both wear volume and coefficient of friction by factors of 60X and 20X respectively for sliding contacts during the initial 80m of sliding distance. Exhaust gas atmosphere with the acetylene admixture provided 650X reductions in steady state wear rate compared to that measured for sliding contacts in dry N2. Such acetylene admixture also augments the ability of the exhaust gas atmosphere to lubricate high-temperature rolling contacts, with up to 25-fold reductions in wear track depth compared to those measured in the presence of N2 alone.

Descriptors :   *HIGH TEMPERATURE, *CARBON, *GASES, TEST AND EVALUATION, SIMULATION, STEADY STATE, ROLL, MICROSTRUCTURE, ENVIRONMENTS, RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY, GRAPHITE, CRYSTALLIZATION, DEPTH, STEEL, NITROGEN, MIXTURES, SURFACES, OXYGEN, DEPOSITION, COEFFICIENTS, WEAR, ENGINES, SHIELDING, ACETYLENE, BEARINGS, CARBON MONOXIDE, FRICTION, LUBRICATION, ATMOSPHERES, WATER VAPOR, GAS FLOW, SILICON NITRIDES, SLIDING CONTACTS, EXHAUST GASES, BEARING RACES.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Thermodynamics
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE