Accession Number : ADA324575
Title : Dichloroacetic Acid Metabolism In Vitro: I. Investigation of the Factors Influencing Dichloroacetic Acid Metabolism.
Descriptive Note : Interim rept. Apr 94-Apr 95,
Corporate Author : MANTECH ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY INC DAYTON OH
Personal Author(s) : Mahle, D. A. ; Buttler, G. W. ; Lipscomb, J. C.
PDF Url : ADA324575
Report Date : MAY 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 18
Abstract : Dichioroacetic acid (DCA) is a major metabolite of trichioroethylene (TRI), a common groundwater contaminant. Dichioroacetic acid has been reported to cause hepatocarcinomas in rodents. We have shown that DCA metabolism is dependent on a cytosolic protein and, therefore, not P-450 dependent. However, the products of DCA metabolism have not been clearly identified. Initial experiments performed with nuclease and protease ruled out binding of DCA as an explanation for the disappearance of DCA from cytosolic incubations. Experiments were then conducted to determine if a specific cofactor dependence for DCA metabolism existed. Mouse liver cytosol was incubated with either nicotinamide or flavin cofactors at a concentration of 0.9 mM or 0.24-5 mM glutathione (GSH) and with 20.50 ug/mI DCA for 3 to 20 minutes at 370C. The incubations were derivatized and analyzed to assess DCA removed from solution. Dichloroacetic acid metabolism increased with increasing concentration of GSH. Mouse liver cytosol was then incubated with 0.1-5 mM diethyl maleate (DEM), TCA or monochloroacetic acid (MCA) and 20-30 ug/ml DCA for 5-30 minutes at 37 deg C. The same analysis was done to calculate pg DCA removed. While TCA appeared to have no effect of DCA metabolism, MCA and DEM had varying effects on DCA metabolism. Results from this research can be used to support further investigation of the products of DCA metabolism.
Descriptors : *IN VITRO ANALYSIS, *GROUND WATER, *CONTAMINANTS, *CHLORINATION, *ACETIC ACID, METABOLISM, INCUBATION, RODENTS, METABOLITES, PEPTIDE HYDROLASES, NUCLEASE.
Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE