Accession Number : ADA324582

Title :   The Influence of Attitudes, Beliefs, and Socioeconomic Status on Caregivers' Decision-Making about OTC Medications Cough and Cold Medications in Preschool Children,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Ecklund, Connie R.

PDF Url : ADA324582

Report Date : 06 MAY 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : The use of over-the-counter (OTC) medication is an essential part of health care in the United States. Kogan, Pappas, Yu, and Kotelchuck (1994) reported that nearly $2 billion per year is spent on cold remedies alone, and an estimated 70% of illnesses are treated with OTC medications. The use of OTC medications for children is a particularly important topic as early research found that OTC medications may be used in lieu of obtaining medical care (Maiman, Becker, Cummings, Drachnian, & O'Connor, 1982). Kogan et al. (1994) reported that in a 30 day period 53.7% of all 3 year old children were given some type of OTC medications. When the types of medications received by the children were studied, it was found that Tylenol was given 66.7% of the time, cough and cold medications (CCM) 66.7%, and other pain relievers 6.9%. The reported percentages are greater than 100% because many children received two or more OTC medications in the 30 day period (Kogan et al., 1994). Factors affecting the mother's or caretaker's decision to medicate a child can include attitudes and beliefs regarding children's health, sociodemographic characteristics, and the effectiveness of the medications (Maiman, Becker, & Katlic, 1986). Kogan et al. (1994) and Maiman et al. (1986) found that the use of OTC medication in children is directly related to the educational level and socioeconomic status (SES) of the mother. The researchers concluded that the higher the SES and educational level of the mother the more OTC medications the children were likely to receive.

Descriptors :   *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), *MEDICAL SERVICES, *SOCIOLOGY, *CHILDREN, *PHARMACOLOGICAL ANTAGONISTS, UNITED STATES, EDUCATION, ECONOMICS, DEMOGRAPHY, LEVEL(QUANTITY), PAIN, FEMALES.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Pharmacology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE