Accession Number : ADA325087

Title :   Principles of Military Operations Other Than War as Applied to the United Nations Operation in Somalia II.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Gingery, Lee S.

PDF Url : ADA325087

Report Date : 07 FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : IN APRIL 1992, THE UNITED NATIONS ESTIMATED THAT 4.5 MILLION SOMALIS, NEARLY 65% OF THE COUNTRY'S POPULATION, REQUIRED EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE. LATER THAT MONTH, THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL APPROVED RESOLUTIONS TO PROVIDE HUMANITARIAN AID AND FACILITATE THE END OF HOSTILITIES IN SOMALIA. THE SCOPE OF U.S. MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN SOMALIA IS DISCUSSED, OUTLINING THE DIFFERENCES AMONG THE THREE DISTINCT PHASES KNOWN AS THE UNITED NATIONS OPERATION IN SOMALIA 1 (UNOSOM 1), UNITED TASK FORCE (UNITAF), AND UNITED NATIONS OPERATION IN SOMALIA 2 (UNOSOM 2). ALTHOUGH MUCH HAS BEEN WRITTEN ON ALL THREE OPERATIONS, THIS PAPER WILL FOCUS PRIMARILY ON UNOSOM 2. WITH REPORTS THAT SOMALIA HAS LARGELY REVERTED TO ITS PRE-INTERVENTION STATE WITH NO VIABLE GOVERNMENT AND CLANS RESORTING TO VIOLENCE TO GAIN POWER, THERE IS LITTLE EVIDENCE TO SUGGEST THAT SUCCESS WAS ACHIEVED IN SOMALIA DURING UNOSOM 2. IN JANUARY 1993, FOUR MONTHS BEFORE THE FORMAL TRANSFER OF COMMAND FROM UNITAF TO UNOSOM 2, THE CENTER FOR ARMY LESSONS LEARNED PUBLISHED A PRIMER ON SOMALIA THAT INCLUDED A DETAILED OUTLINE OF THE EMERGING DOCTRINE FROM FM 100-5: PRINCIPLES OF MILITARY OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR (MOOTW). THIS PAPER WILL EXPLORE THE EXTENT THAT EACH PRINCIPLE OF MOOTW WAS APPLIED TO UNOSOM 2 AND SEEK TO DETERMINE IF THE COLLAPSE OF THAT OPERATION RESULTED FROM A FAILURE TO INCORPORATE THE EMERGING DOCTRINE.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY ASSISTANCE, *SOMALIA, *OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR, FOREIGN POLICY, LESSONS LEARNED, INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), MILITARY DOCTRINE, TASK FORCES, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, UNITED NATIONS, CIVIL AFFAIRS, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, PEACEKEEPING.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE