Accession Number : ADA325090
Title : Luminescence Study of Ion-Implanted Gallium Nitride.
Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,
Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
Personal Author(s) : Silkowski, Eric
PDF Url : ADA325090
Report Date : NOV 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 330
Abstract : Luminescence and absorption measurements were used to demonstrate the efficacy of ion implantation for introducing various classes of dopants into GaN. A wide range of implantation and annealing studies were performed with several dopant species (Ar, Zn, C, O, Si, Be, Mg, Nd, Er). Room temperature ion implantation was performed on MOCVD- and MBE-grown GaN samples at energies between 100 and 1150 keV with doses ranging from 1 x 10(exp 13) to 1 x 10 (exp 15)/sq cm. Conventional furnace annealing in flowing NH3 or N2 gas resulted in good implantation damage recovery at an annealing temperature of 1000 deg C for 90 min. Annealing temperature was found to be the determining factor in implantation damage recovery. It was discovered that surface degradation occurred for annealing in an NH3 environment at temperatures above 1000 deg C. An optimal annealing temperature of 1000 deg C and an optimal annealing gas environment of NH3 were found for the optical activation of Zn, Mg, Er, and Nd. Several new luminescence features were observed for the various dopants. Zn-implanted GaN was found to have a strong luminescence peak in the blue at 2.86 eV. The energetic location and width of this luminescence peak was insensitive to temperature changes and excitation intensity changes. These properties suggested that an internal Zn center transition was responsible.
Descriptors : *ION IMPLANTATION, *NITRIDES, *LUMINESCENCE, *GALLIUM COMPOUNDS, MEASUREMENT, OPTICAL PROPERTIES, PEAK VALUES, ANNEALING, ACTIVATION, OPTIMIZATION, ENVIRONMENTS, DAMAGE, DEGRADATION, EXCITATION, PHOTOLUMINESCENCE, ENERGY, INTENSITY, THESES, SENSITIVITY, ROOM TEMPERATURE, GASES, SURFACES, SAMPLING, TRANSITIONS, ABSORPTION, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, FURNACES.
Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
Solid State Physics
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE