Accession Number : ADA325135

Title :   Major General T.J. Jackson's Shenandoah Campaign: An Operational Art Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Hooks, James D.

PDF Url : ADA325135

Report Date : FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Major General T.J. Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 is critically examined from an operational art perspective, with particular emphasis on operational factors. The Federal invasion of Virginia was the catalyst that caused Jackson and General Robert E. Lee to collaborate at the operational strategic level of war, in an effort to relieve the pressure on Richmond, and the main Confederate Army. Jackson's subsequent operations are replete with practical examples of applied operational art that served his country's higher strategic purpose, and were to have profound implications on the war in the east. After a review of the strategic setting on the eve of the Valley Campaign, the paper turns to the specific conduct of Jackson's strategic diversion. Analysis of the Campaign demonstrates Jackson's masterful ability to properly balance the operational factors of space, time, and forces. The resulting freedom of action allowed Jackson to stymie significantly larger Union forces, who were specifically diverted from the Federal main effort at Richmond and detailed to destroy him. In almost every case, Jackson was victorious by using operational factors in the form of maneuver warfare, to concentrate superior combat power on the field at the decisive time and place, against smaller enemy formations.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *BATTLES, *MILITARY ART, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, MILITARY STRATEGY, LEADERSHIP, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, MILITARY COMMANDERS, CIVIL AFFAIRS, CIVIL DISTURBANCES, MILITARY FORMATIONS, BATTLE MANAGEMENT.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE