Accession Number : ADA325137

Title :   Uncle Sam in Asia: Western Bastion or Vulnerable Salient?

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Russell, Robin L.

PDF Url : ADA325137

Report Date : 07 FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : General MacArthur, in his farewell address to Congress in 1951 accurately delineated the American strategy in the Western Pacific. Far from forming a strong defense, the American bases in Hawaii, Midway, Guam, and the Philippines provided an avenue for the enemy advance during the early months of World War 2, instead of their intended point defense. Hard earned gains in the Pacific through the war enabled the United States to establish a defensive perimeter to the shores of Asia through American (and other friendly nations) control over a chain of islands from the Aleutians to the Marianas. Any predatory attack from the Asian continent had to be an amphibious effort. No amphibious effort could be successful without control over the sea lanes and the air over those lanes. Today the threat is not from Japan, but from a growing Communist China. Though American operational commanders today provide a strong deterrent to the aggressive Chinese, shrinking American and Japanese defense budgets will soon allow China a technological edge in addition to their already overwhelming numbers. Soon, the American forward deployed forces may once again be a vulnerable salient against the Chinese threat. Cost effective alternatives for operational commanders are discussed.

Descriptors :   *THREAT EVALUATION, *NATIONAL DEFENSE, *CHINA, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), FOREIGN POLICY, MILITARY HISTORY, MILITARY STRATEGY, INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, COST EFFECTIVENESS, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), MILITARY CAPABILITIES, MILITARY BUDGETS, DETERRENCE, POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS, MILITARY DOWNSIZING, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, POINT DEFENSE.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE