Accession Number : ADA325185
Title : Archaeological Reconnaissance of Fort Sill, Oklahoma,
Corporate Author : MUSEUM OF THE GREAT PLAINS LAWTON OK
Personal Author(s) : Ferring, C. R.
PDF Url : ADA325185
Report Date : 1978
Pagination or Media Count : 449
Abstract : An archaeological reconnaissance is, as the term implies, an investigation which is basically exploratory in nature. A 'Cultural Resources Reconnaissance' has been defined by the Corps of Engineers as: A literature search and records review plus an on-the- ground surface examination of selected portions of the area to be affected, adequate to assess the general nature of the resources probably present and the probable impact of a project. Test excavations may be required at some sites so that evaluations may be adequately accomplished. This level of investigations is appropriate to preliminary planning decisions and will be of assistance in determining viable project alternatives. (U.S. Federal Register, l975:4l636) The Fort Sill Archaeological Reconnaissance is, in the strict sense, a component of a planning operation. In normal flow of cultural resources investigations, the reconnaissance precedes a survey phase, which in turn precedes a mitigation phase which in many cases terminates the project. Here, the reconnaissance phase of research precedes what will be informally referred to as a 'management phase' of cultural resource management. This term seems most applicable to land-use programs which involve long- term use of federally controlled properties and which subsume more complex forms and intensities of land use than are encountered in more discrete projects such as reservoir construction.
Descriptors : *LITERATURE SURVEYS, *RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, *ARCHEOLOGY, *CULTURAL RESOURCES, *RECONNAISSANCE, TEST AND EVALUATION, CONTROL, DECISION MAKING, IMPACT, PROBABILITY, INTENSITY, CONSTRUCTION, SURVEYS, VIABILITY, FLOW, LAND USE, EXCAVATION, RESERVOIRS, OKLAHOMA.
Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
Humanities and History
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE