Accession Number : ADA325189

Title :   Operational Risk Management: Increasing Mission Effectiveness Through Improved Planning and Execution of Joint Operations.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Beckvonpeccoz, Stephen W.

PDF Url : ADA325189

Report Date : 07 FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 31

Abstract : Joint doctrine is deficient in identifying a specific method of assessing and managing risk when applying the test of acceptability to joint operation plans. This deficiency should be remedied with the adoption of Operational Risk Management (ORM), an existing process which would provide operational commanders a tool for making smarter risk decisions. Improved planning and execution of joint combat and non-combat operations would result in increased mission effectiveness and better progress toward the desired strategic end-state. ORM is an analytical process to improve risk assessment and better manage operational risk. ORM is composed of five steps: identifying hazards, making risk assessments, making risk decisions, implementing controls, and supervising effectiveness. The ORM process is performed on a time-critical, deliberate, or in-depth level depending on the time available. Four principles which guide the employment of ORM are to accept risk when benefits outweigh the cost, accept no unnecessary risk, anticipate and manage risk by planning, and make risk decisions at the right level. Commanders manage risk wisely to conserve combat power for bold execution of joint operations plans. The paper concludes that Operational Risk Management should be formally adopted into the deliberate and crisis action joint planning processes. Through training, ORM can become ingrained and intuitive to military commanders at the operational level. Better management of operational risk will improve mission effectiveness of joint forces while supporting national foreign policy and strategy in operations around the globe.

Descriptors :   *COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, *RISK, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *MISSIONS, *MILITARY PLANNING, *MILITARY ART, TEST AND EVALUATION, FOREIGN POLICY, POLICIES, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, DECISION MAKING, MANAGEMENT, HAZARDS, COSTS, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, POWER, MILITARY COMMANDERS, ACCEPTABILITY.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE