Accession Number : ADA325572

Title :   Coercive Diplomacy American-Style.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Nov 96-Feb 97,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Addison, Victor G., Jr

PDF Url : ADA325572

Report Date : 21 FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 97

Abstract : The current national security strategy of 'Engagement and Enlargement' will require the United States to increasingly rely on coercive diplomacy as a foreign policy tool. Since the practice of coercive diplomacy is no longer constrained by the rules of the Cold War, its success or failure is now largely dependent on when and how it is used. In order to provide a contemporary theory that may be employed by American national security strategists, coercive diplomacy is first redefined as-efforts to decisively influence the immediate military intentions or actions of an adversary with threatened force. This new definition is incorporated into a seven-step procedural model which determines when and how the United States should use coercive diplomacy. The model applies several of Clausewitz's principles in a numerically based approach which identifies and evaluates important crisis-related factors. The output of intermediate steps is finally referred to a 'Coercive Diplomacy Menu' that delineates strategies according to poker betting options. Since even the most carefully conceived coercive diplomacy strategy may inexplicably fail, factors which affect predictability of outcome are also explored. The seven-step 'Coercive Diplomacy Model' is applied to two case studies-Kuwait: 1990-91, and Taiwan Strait: 1996. After the historical record of events is established, the model is utilized to illustrate the procedural approach and highlight differences in prescribed strategy.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *COERCIVE FORCE, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MILITARY HISTORY, MILITARY STRATEGY, NATIONAL SECURITY, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, TOOLS, THEORY, CASE STUDIES, NUMERICAL METHODS AND PROCEDURES, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, MILITARY ART.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE