Accession Number : ADA325763
Title : Weapon Systems United States Army 1995.
Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC
PDF Url : ADA325763
Report Date : 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 249
Abstract : Fifty years ago the United States and its Allies achieved momentous victories over Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. As we honor those who achieved these victories, we must never forget the lessons learned from their sacrifices, as the cost in lives was extreme. By the time WWII ended, the U.S. role in the world had changed dramatically. Not only was neutrality no longer viable, but the U.S. now had to play a disproportionately large role in world affairs because so many nations were severely damaged by the war. The U.S. was also forced, for the first time, to maintain a large peacetime military and a substantial overseas presence. The role of the Army changed with America's new world standing. The difference between the pre-war Army and the late 1940s force was dramatic. The 1948 Army had a budget three times larger with over twice as many personnel as the force in 1940, the last peacetime year. However, the Army was committed to a presence throughout Europe, Japan, Korea, and the Philippines. The situation today is strangely similar. The end of the Cold War has allowed reductions in the size of America's forces stationed abroad, but the scope of our overseas commitments has hardly diminished. By the end of Fiscal Year 1995, the Army will have reduced its size by over a third from its Cold War levels, cut eight active divisions, closed 20% of its state-side installations, returned 60% of its European installations, and reduced its annual budget by approximately $30 billion since Fiscal Year 1989. At the same time, however, over a quarter of the Army is overseas on any given day, and the average soldier will spend 138 days a year deployed outside of the U.S.
Descriptors : *WEAPON SYSTEMS, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), GLOBAL, UNITED STATES, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), JAPAN, COSTS, ZAIRE.
Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE