Accession Number : ADA325932

Title :   Psycho Educational Group Intervention for Women at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 30 Sep 95-29 Sep 96,

Corporate Author : STRANG-CORNELL CANCER RESEARCH LAB NEW YORK NY

Personal Author(s) : Kash, Kathryn M.

PDF Url : ADA325932

Report Date : OCT 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : The goals of this study are: (1) to examine the impact of a psychoeducational intervention on the intermediate outcome variables of knowledge of breast cancer and risk factors, breast cancer beliefs, cancer attitudes, and coping skills in women at increased risk for breast cancer; (2) to examine the impact of a psychoeducational intervention on the endpoint variables of quality of life and adherence to screening in women at increased risk for breast cancer; and (3) to explore the mechanisms by which the psychological intervention may improve quality of life and increase adherence to breast cancer screening in women at increased risk for breast cancer. The design is a randomized two group design in which women are assigned to either the experimental or control group. The intervention (experimental) components include; social support enhancement, education, cognitive restructuring, and problem-solving. A total of 360 are expected to participate in this study over a four year period of time. To date 183 women have agreed to participate in the study and 108 have completed Time 1 assessments, 96 have completed Time 2 assessments; 90 women have completed Time 3 assessments, and 77 women have completed Time 4 assessments. Preliminary data indicate that the women in the treatment arm have less breast cancer anxiety, are more knowledgeable about breast cancer, and have a lower perception of risk than women in the control arm at Time 2.

Descriptors :   *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), *PSYCHOLOGY, *ANXIETY, *BREAST CANCER, RANDOM VARIABLES, ADHESION, QUALITY, WOMEN, INTERVENTION, PERCEPTION, LIVING STANDARDS.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE