Accession Number : ADA326081

Title :   Computer-Assisted Terrain and Geologic Feature Interpretation from Aerial and Satellite Imagery.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND STANDARDIZATION GROUP (UNITED KINGDOM) FPO NEW YORK 09510

Personal Author(s) : Argialas, Demetre P.

PDF Url : ADA326081

Report Date : SEP 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 140

Abstract : In all earlier efforts in constructing prototype expert terrain related systems, knowledge related to the physiographic region of a site and to the spatial pattern of related landforms were not explicitly presented and used. In this research we have identified, named, described, organized and related detailed, 'book-level' knowledge pertaining to physiographic regions (provinces and sections), physiographic features, topographic forms and landforms. Collected, systematized, and defined landform, geomorphologic, topographic, and physiographic indicators. We have developed an object-oriented model for the factual and structural representation of these terrain features. We have also developed a rule-base for representing the strategic knowledge needed for inferring these features from their own indicators. We have provided for the representation of multiple terrain objects at a given interpretive scenario and for bidirectional reasoning for the identification of terrain features depending on the goals of the interpretation at a given time. Eleven scenaria of photointerpretation problem solving were described. They compose three contexts: landform, physiographic and spatial. The presented case studies concern typical terrain of the Basin and Range Province of Southwest USA (Great Basin and Sonoran Desert). The conceptual scheme was formalized and implemented in a knowledge-base resulting in the Terrain Analysis eXpert (TAX-4-5) system which assists step by step the user in the eleven problem solving scenaria.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, *TERRAIN MODELS, *SATELLITE IMAGERY, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, REASONING, PROTOTYPES, TERRAIN, REGIONS, IDENTIFICATION, PATTERNS, GEOMORPHOLOGY, INDICATORS, BASINS(GEOGRAPHIC), LANDFORMS, AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY.

Subject Categories : Cartography and Aerial Photography
      Computer Programming and Software

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE