Accession Number : ADA326359

Title :   Increment Thresholds for Two Non-Identical Flashes,

Corporate Author : NAVAL AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER WARMINSTER PA

Personal Author(s) : Herrick, Robert M. ; Theisen, Charles J.

PDF Url : ADA326359

Report Date : 22 NOV 1971

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : Two flashes of 1 deg visual angle and 0.389 mL were superimposed upon a steady 1.19 mL background of the same size seen foveally. The second flash followed the first after delays ranging from 0 to 60 ms. The duration of the first flash was varied from 0 to 4.8 ms, and, for each duration of the first flash, the threshold duration of the second flash was determined. (When seen, the two flashes appeared as one.) At all delays below 25 ms, the threshold energy of the two flashes combined was constant, regardless of the duration of the first flash. At each delay between 25 and 50 ms, at short durations of the first flash, the threshold duration of the second flash was the same as that required when no first flash was presented. However, at longer durations of the first flash, the threshold average luminance provided by the two flashes during the total display time was constant. At the delay that required the maximum energy for threshold, 55 ms, for every duration of the first flash, the duration of the second flash was greater than that required when no first flash was presented. These findings, and others, are incorporated in a simple model.

Descriptors :   *THRESHOLD EFFECTS, *VISION, *FLASHES, ENERGY, DISPLAY SYSTEMS, TIME, SHORT RANGE(TIME), VISUAL TARGETS, LUMINANCE.

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE