Accession Number : ADA326363

Title :   Simulation of the Dynamic Behavior of Explosion Gas Bubbles in a Compressible Fluid Medium.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Chisum, James E.

PDF Url : ADA326363

Report Date : DEC 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 95

Abstract : Data from one-dimensional (spherically symmetric) analyses was used to examine the effects of compressibility and gas energy on the dynamic behavior of an explosion gas bubble, by comparing the bubble's behavior with experimental results and with analytical results which neglect these factors. Results from two-dimensional (axially symmetric) analyses were used to investigate the behavior of a deep explosion gas bubble in the vicinity of plane rigid or constant pressure boundaries. Previous analytical research into explosion gas bubbles near such boundaries has primarily led to results of a qualitative nature, owing to a complete breakdown of the assumptions made in the analysis at the critical juncture. In the present investigation, it was found possible to characterize the effect of the boundary surface on both the change in the first oscillation period of the bubble and its location at the end of the first oscillation cycle. For a broad range of bubble-boundary standoff distances, these semi-empirical characterizations have a functional form particularly suitable for extension of the quantitative results of this investigation to other explosive charge types, weights, and depths, as has been done for the Willis formula for the free-field oscillation period of explosion gas bubbles.

Descriptors :   *GAS DYNAMICS, *COMPRESSIBLE FLOW, *EXPLOSION BUBBLES, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, DYNAMIC RESPONSE, SHOCK WAVES, THESES, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, UNDERWATER EXPLOSIONS, PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION, DYNAMIC PRESSURE, SHIP HULLS, EXPLOSION GASES.

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics
      Explosions

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE