Accession Number : ADA326427

Title :   Environmental Impact Research Program. Survey of Habitat-Related Channel Features and Structures in Tailwaters.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Long, Katherine S. ; Nestler, John M. ; Fischenich, J. C.

PDF Url : ADA326427

Report Date : APR 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 72

Abstract : Man-made dams usually result in modification of water quality (and aquatic habitats) in the resulting impoundments and in the tailwaters immediately downstream. These tailwaters have as great a sports fishing potential and other recreational potential as the main impoundment. Therefore, the public use and perception of this resource are greatly enhanced by maintaining water quality and conditions ensuring desired aquatic habitats. Various methods designed to promote desired habitats have been employed by Government agencies having projects altering natural streamflow. Streambed modifications are relatively inexpensive ways of increasing habitat by increasing the surface area available to aquatic biota, usually resulting in small disruption to the stream channel flow. Tailwater management may include the use of weirs as 'passive' aerators to maintain streamflow, temperature, and dissolved gases at prescribed levels. Both U.S. Federal agencies and foreign governments have employed weirs, modified power generation operation, and forced oxygen below surface impoundments to enhance water quality and for other purposes.

Descriptors :   *HABITATS, *CHANNEL FLOW, SIMULATION, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), GASES, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, MANMADE, FLOW, WATER QUALITY, FISHES, STREAMS, AQUATIC ANIMALS, AQUATIC PLANTS, DAMS, WEIRS, AERATORS.

Subject Categories : Ecology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE