Accession Number : ADA326630

Title :   Effect of Selected Chemicals on Indiana Bats, Gray Bats, and Bald Eagles at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. Appendix IV to the Biological Assessment: Relocation of U.S. Army Chemical School and U.S. Army Military Police School to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Corporate Author : THREE D INTERNATIONAL INC CINCINNATI OH ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP

PDF Url : ADA326630

Report Date : JAN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 573

Abstract : The proposed Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action will involve moving the Chemical and Military Police schools from Fort McClellan Alabama to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The Environmental Impact Statement (HBA 1996), addresses impacts of this action on the human environment. A major component of the BRAC action involves introduction of obscurant and simulant training to the Fort Leonard Wood environment. Military uses for obscurants (smoke) include screening, deception, and identification of equipment, facilities, and troops (Shinn et al. 1987). Training simulants are used by the military to instruct soldiers in recognition of dangerous, hazardous or toxic chemicals used by enemy forces in chemical and biological warfare. Two federally endangered species, the Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) and the gray bat (Myotis grisescens), and one threatened species, the bald eagle (Hallaeetus leucocephalus) occur on Fort Leonard Wood. We performed this Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) to comply with the Endangered Species Act, and in support of the BRAC Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). This report is an appendix to the Biological Assessment (BA) for Relocation of U.S. Army Chemical School and U.S. Army Military Police School to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The ERA focuses on potential contaminants generated by Chemical and Military Police School training. Risks to endangered and threatened species estimated herein were based on either modeled or estimated exposure concentrations and literature-based toxicity values. Risks were used to determine direct effects to the species of concern. Indirect effects were addressed qualitatively. We assessed effects to adults, juveniles, and other life stages of the Indiana bat, gray bat, and bald eagle.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FACILITIES, *HABITATS, *ENDANGERED SPECIES, *HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS, ENVIRONMENTS, SCHOOLS, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), TRAINING, ARMY PERSONNEL, HUMANS, TOXICITY, SMOKE, BIOLOGICAL WARFARE, CHEMICAL WARFARE, IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS, CONTAMINANTS, ENEMY, DECEPTION, ADULTS, OBSCURATION, ECOLOGY, GRAY(COLOR), CHEMICAL AGENT SIMULANTS, MILITARY POLICE, MISSOURI, BATS, INDIANA.

Subject Categories : Ecology
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE