Accession Number : ADA326758

Title :   Eye Accomodation to Head-Up Virtual Images.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan-Mar 87,

Corporate Author : NAVAL AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER WARMINSTER PA

Personal Author(s) : Iavecchia, Joyce H. ; Iavecchia, Helene P. ; Roscoe, Stanley N.

PDF Url : ADA326758

Report Date : MAR 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 29

Abstract : The head-up display (HUD) was developed to provide the pilot simultaneous viewing of flight information and the outside environment. The HUD optics were collimated so that the symbols appear at optical infinity as does the distant terrain. Operationally, about 30 percent of pilots experience an increased tendency toward spatial disorientation when using a HUD. Two experiments were conducted to determine whether HUD symbols do in fact cause the eyes to focus at optical infinity; and, if not, what is the direction and amount of refocusing necessary to see both distant targets and HUD symbols clearly? Results showed that use of the HUD releases accommodation to lapse inward toward the dark focus, or resting distance. When simultaneously using the HUD and viewing distant outside targets, only 3 of 10 subjects consistently focused at or beyond optical infinity; two of these had dark foci near infinity, and the third had a dark focus almost three diopters negative. Previous research indicates that when focus shifts occur, the apparent size and distance of objects also change. Spatial judgments critical to ground referenced flight can be fatally erroneous. Because individual differences in focusing are large, redesigning HUDs to incorporate manual optical adjustment may be desirable to optimize focus demand for each pilot. Volitional accommodation training should also be investigated.

Descriptors :   *VISUAL PERCEPTION, *PHYSIOLOGICAL DISORIENTATION, *HEAD UP DISPLAYS, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PILOTS, HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, FOCUSING, MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), SPACE PERCEPTION, ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Flight Control and Instrumentation
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE