Accession Number : ADA326886

Title :   Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Creating a Wider, Deeper River.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL STRATEGIC STUDIES INST CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Crawford, Robert W.

PDF Url : ADA326886

Report Date : MAR 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : The security landscape in Europe is under transition. The fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact created opportunities for former Communist countries to develop democratic forms of government and market based economies. These newly independent countries in Central and Eastern Europe are embracing pro-Western political, economic, and military orientations. However, threats exist in the form of neo-nationalism and expansionist forces that could derail the reform movement. The U.S. must lead the effort to establish a security architecture in Europe that facilitates the political and economic reforms, and that can respond to present and future threats. In this way the U.S. protects its vital national interest in Europe, which in its simplest form is stability throughout the continent so that no single entity threatens a country's sovereign right to develop a democratic government and open market economy. The cornerstone to the new security architecture is NATO enlargement. The inclusion of new members into NATO as they meet specific prerequisites, which is somewhat expensive, along with the expansion of other Western institutions provides the stability needed for political, economic, and military reform. In addition, gradual, cautious, and transparent enlargement minimizes Russian concerns regarding the eastward movement of NATO.

Descriptors :   *NATO, *MILITARY ASSISTANCE, *DEMOCRACY, FOREIGN POLICY, NATIONAL SECURITY, INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, ECONOMIC IMPACT, THREAT EVALUATION, MACROECONOMICS, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, EASTERN EUROPE, BALANCE OF POWER, COMMUNIST COUNTRIES, CENTRAL EUROPE, OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE