Accession Number : ADA326957

Title :   Decision Making for the Strategic Leader.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Rector, George E., Jr

PDF Url : ADA326957

Report Date : 13 MAR 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 75

Abstract : Decision making is a process whereby a leader, when confronted with a problem, selects a course of action or solution, from a set of possible courses of action. Since there is generally some uncertainty about the future, we cannot be sure of the consequences of the decision that is chosen. Soundness and timeliness in decision making depend to a great extent on the method used. This is a creative process, connected with the search for the new and best means of successful accomplishment of the mission. Inasmuch as the process is basically creative and cognitive in nature, the most important requirement on the process for making a decision is its correspondence to dialectics, the theory of knowledge, logic, and the principles of military art. The achievements and conclusions of such sciences as psychology, mathematics, and cybernetics can be of great assistance to the commander making decisions today. His mission, consequently, is to master logical and mathematical methods of thinking and cognizing developed by modern science. Decision making during the Information Age has become an enormously complex undertaking. There has been an increasing tendency to turn to quantitative techniques and models as a potential means for assisting the decision maker. The purpose of this paper is to describe the decision making process from a simple systems approach to a more complex and dynamic approach; focus on the essence of the decision making process; and to provide a representative sample of quantitative techniques for making decisions as a strategic leader. It is hoped that this paper will serve as a basis for a course that will assist future senior leaders in the process of decision making and may act as a connecting force between the analytical techniques on one hand and the recognitional techniques on the other.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *DECISION THEORY, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, MILITARY STRATEGY, CRISIS MANAGEMENT, LEADERSHIP, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PROBLEM SOLVING, WAR GAMES, TIMELINESS, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), CONDITIONING(LEARNING), MILITARY ART.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE