Accession Number : ADA327050
Title : Monongahela Dam 4 Spillway, Pennsylvania Hydraulic Model Investigation.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,
Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS COASTAL HYDRAULICS LA B
Personal Author(s) : Cooper, Deborah R.
PDF Url : ADA327050
Report Date : MAY 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 141
Abstract : Monongahela Dam 4 is located on the Monongahela River 34.1 km (21.2 miles) upstream of the confluence of the Ohio, Allegheny, and Monongahela Rivers, in the city of Charleroi, PA. The existing dam maintains the navigation pool between the Dam 4 and Dam 5 locks and dams. Normal upper pool elevation for the Monongahela 4 is presently at el 743.5 (all elevations cited herein are in feet referred to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum). The existing spillway section of Dam 4 consists of a gated crest (el 724.0) located within the main channel of the waterway. Energy is dissipated on a horizontal apron with baffle blocks terminated by an end sill. The U.S. Army Engineer District, Pittsburgh,, developed a plan for renovating locks and dams on the lower Monongahela River that would save the cost of having to reconstruct L&D 3 and reduce transportation costs by eliminating bottlenecks caused by the small locks at L&D's 3 and 4 and by reducing one lockage cycle. The plan calls for building a new gated dam at the current L&D 2, eliminating L&D 3, and replacing the locks at L&D 4 with new, larger locks. The change would also mean Pool 2 would be raised by about 1.5 m (5 ft) and the current Pool 3 would be lowered by about 1.0 m (3.2 ft) (lowering the tailwater for L&D 4 by 1.0 m (3.2 ft)). The dam consists of a navigable gated structure with three radial tainter gates and two piggyback gates. The original derrick stone placed below the structure has experienced significant scour. The future lower tailwater may result in more severe scour unless the condition is remedied. Additionally, a scour hole has developed in the streambed upstream of the dam.
Descriptors : *DAMS, *LOCKS(WATERWAYS), VELOCITY, PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING), OHIO, DISSIPATION, NAVIGATION, MARINE TRANSPORTATION, HYDRAULIC MODELS, WATERWAYS, PENNSYLVANIA, SPILLWAYS, RIPRAP, STILLING BASINS.
Subject Categories : Civil Engineering
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE