Accession Number : ADA327285

Title :   A Transactional Approach to Redundant Disk Array Implementation.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Courtright, William V., II

PDF Url : ADA327285

Report Date : 15 MAY 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 253

Abstract : Redundant disk arrays are a popular method of improving the dependability and performance of disk storage and an ever-increasing number of array architectures are being proposed to balance cost, performance, and dependability. Despite their differences, there is a great deal of commonality between these architectures; unfortunately, it appears that current implementations are not able to effectively exploit this commonality due to their ad hoc approach to error recovery. Such techniques rely upon a case-by-case analysis of errors, a manual process that is tedious and prone to mistakes. For each distinct error scenario, a unique procedure is implemented to remove the effects of the error and complete the affected operation. Unfortunately, this form of recovery is not easily extended because the analysis must be repeated as new array operations and architectures are introduced. Transaction-processing systems utilize logging techniques to mechanize the process of recovering from errors. However, the expense of guaranteeing that all operations can be undone from any point in their execution is too expensive to satisfy the performance and resource requirements of redundant disk arrays. This dissertation describes a novel programming abstraction and execution mechanism based upon transactions that simplifies implementation. Disk array algorithms are modeled as directed acyclic graphs: the nodes are actions such as 'XOR' and the arcs represent data and control dependencies between them. Using this abstraction, we implemented eight array architectures in RAIDframe, a framework for prototyping disk arrays. Code reuse was consistently above 90%.

Descriptors :   *ARRAYS, *INSTALLATION, *MAGNETIC DISKS, ALGORITHMS, SCENARIOS, REQUIREMENTS, RECOVERY, REACTION TIME, COSTS, MEMORY DEVICES, CODING, THROUGHPUT, RESOURCES, MANUAL OPERATION, ARCHITECTURE, REDUNDANCY, COMMONALITY.

Subject Categories : Recording and Playback Devices

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE