Accession Number : ADA327614

Title :   Urination in Aviation: Evaluation of Urine Collection Equipment for Female Aviators.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 23 Jan-30 Sep 95,

Corporate Author : ARMSTRONG LAB BROOKS AFB TX

Personal Author(s) : Cornum, Kory C.

PDF Url : ADA327614

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 11

Abstract : Between World War II and 1993, United States military women were blocked from flying fighter aircraft. This precluded them from participating in long duration flights in aircraft unequipped with conventional toilet facilities. Personal equipment, to include urine collection equipment, for long duration, especially single seat aircraft, has to date been designed for male specific anatomy. Examples include the flight suit (the zipper ending at the level of the penis), the condom catheter, and the standard urine collection bag ('Piddle Pack'). The law prohibiting women from flying fighter aircraft was repealed in 1991, and female pilots began training for single seat fighter aircraft in 1993. And while female aviators are now eligible by law to fly all aircraft, practical application of this opportunity is hampered by unavailability of appropriate, female anatomy specific equipment.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY EQUIPMENT, *MEDICAL EQUIPMENT, *COLLECTION, *URINE, *URINARY SYSTEM, FIGHTER AIRCRAFT, MILITARY PERSONNEL, WARFARE, GLOBAL, UNITED STATES, AIRCRAFT, PILOTS, LONG RANGE(TIME), MALES, ANATOMY, WOMEN, FEMALES, SEATS, FLIGHT CLOTHING, BAGS, TOILET FACILITIES.

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE