Accession Number : ADA328021

Title :   Longitudinal Trends and Gender Differences in Physical Fitness and Lifestyle Factors in Career U.S. Navy Personnel (1983-1994).

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Trent, L. K. ; Hurtado, S. L.

PDF Url : ADA328021

Report Date : MAY 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : This study examines long-term health and physical readiness trends in the U.S. Navy. Lifestyle questionnaires were mailed to all participants from baseline studies between 1983 and 1989 who were still on active duty in 1994. Commands provided body composition and Physical Readiness Test (PRT) scores for the participants. Two longitudinal cohorts were created an 8-year sample (N = 640) with matched data from 1986, 1989, and 1994; and an 11-year sample (N = 1,576), with data from 1983 and 1994. Analyses of both cohorts revealed significant improvements in physical fitness, exercise, lean body mass, dietary habits, and sleep, as well as significant decreases in tobacco and alcohol use and job stress. However, hypertension rates, percent body fat, and body mass index showed significant increases over time. Women's scores were significantly better than men's on a number of factors. Overall, these findings suggest that the Navy's health promotion efforts have had a significant positive impact on the health and fitness of career Navy personnel.

Descriptors :   *NAVAL PERSONNEL, *HEALTH, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, OPERATIONAL READINESS, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), CAREERS, SURVEYS, HUMAN BODY, MALES, FEMALES, HABITS, SLEEP, HYPERTENSION, ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION, GENDER DISCRIMINATION.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE