Accession Number : ADA328108
Title : Japan's 'Operational Hawaii': An Operational Design Case Study.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI
Personal Author(s) : MacKenzie, Curtis M.
PDF Url : ADA328108
Report Date : 13 JUN 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 36
Abstract : The Imperial Japanese Navy's strike on U.S naval and air forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 7 December 1941 has been widely characterized as a strategic failure. Examining the attack, known to the Japanese as 'Operation Hawaii,' from a contemporary operational art perspective, this paper contends, however, that the preemptive attack, viewed as an operational fire for Japan's Southern Operation, was operationally sound, and tactically successful. It achieved its operational objective goal of preventing the U.S. Pacific Fleet from attacking Japan's eastern flank while Japanese military forces were engaged in the conquest of the Southern Resource Area. Crippling the Pacific Fleet afforded Japan more time to consolidate her territorial gains, and establish a defensive perimeter. Several lessons learned from the analysis, pertinent for today's operational planners, are identified.
Descriptors : *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *PEARL HARBOR, MILITARY HISTORY, MILITARY STRATEGY, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, LESSONS LEARNED, DECISION MAKING, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), FAILURE, JAPAN, CASE STUDIES, AERIAL WARFARE, FLEETS(SHIPS), TACTICAL ANALYSIS, HAWAII.
Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE