Accession Number : ADA328144

Title :   War Termination: The Quest for the Desired End State.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT

Personal Author(s) : Leeker, Robert L.

PDF Url : ADA328144

Report Date : 13 JUN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : The subject of war termination has steadily gained more attention. Before the end of the Cold War, conflict termination was less complex. It was usually a result of the annihilation of your enemy or occupation of your adversary's country. Since the end of the Cold War, US objectives for committing forces to resolve a conflict have become more limited and are often centered on US values such as human rights and the promotion of democracy. Therefore, it has become more difficult for the commander to identify or achieve the desired end state that may provide for an enduring peace. What is often the case is the commander will achieve the military objective that will provide the requisite leverage to cease hostilities but the conflict will continue. Desert Storm is an example of this and a possible explanation to why we are still engaged in Iraq is offered. This paper identifies three areas that are difficult either for identifying or achieving the desired end state. The three areas are; the adversary's background, proper planning, and clear political objectives. The areas were identified by examining three conflicts; JUST CAUSE, DESERT STORM, and UPHOLD DEMOCRACY. Each area if not properly addressed may result in the commander not achieving either operational or strategic objectives. To assist the commander in planning it is recommended to incorporate campaign planning direction given in Joint Publication 3-0 with the commonly recognized phases of a dispute; dispute, pre-hostility, hostilities, post-conflict, dispute and settlement. By combining the two, the commander can better apply operational art such as branches and sequels to arrive at strategic aims.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, THESES, COLD WAR, CONFLICT, INTERNATIONAL, MILITARY PLANNING, PEACEKEEPING, OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE