Accession Number : ADA328285

Title :   Learning in a Synthetic Environment: The Effect of Visual Display, Presence, and Simulator Sickness.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Apr 95-Jan 96,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Johnson, David M.

PDF Url : ADA328285

Report Date : FEB 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 79

Abstract : Soldiers explored a synthetic representation of an Army heliport under three visual display conditions: (1) wide field of view (FOV) helmet mounted display, (2) narrow FOV helmet mounted display, and (3) stationary, wide screen display. Pretest and posttest measures of spatial knowledge were recorded. Measures of presence in the virtual environment were recorded. Measures of simulator sickness were administered upon exit from the virtual environment and 24 hours later. Overall, soldiers acquired a significant amount of spatial knowledge from the synthetic representation. When transferred to the actual Army heliport, soldiers were able to navigate around the location with near zero errors. There was no effect of visual display on any measures of spatial knowledge. Also, there was no effect of visual display on reported presence or simulator sickness. Simulator sickness was significantly reduced after 24 hours away from the virtual environment. Presence did not correlate with spatial knowledge. Simulator sickness correlated negatively with spatial knowledge. Presence and simulator sickness were negatively correlated.

Descriptors :   *FLIGHT SIMULATORS, *HELMET MOUNTED DISPLAYS, *HELIPORTS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, VISUAL PERCEPTION, MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, MAN COMPUTER INTERFACE, ARMY OPERATIONS, FLIGHT SIMULATION, VIRTUAL REALITY, MOTION SICKNESS, VISUAL ACUITY, SCREENS(DISPLAYS).

Subject Categories : Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE