Accession Number : ADA328359

Title :   Site Mapping, Geophysical Investigation, and Geomorphic Reconnaissance at Site 9 ME 395 Upatoi Town, Fort Benning, Georgia.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Briuer, Frederick L. ; Simms, Janet E. ; Smith, Lawson M.

PDF Url : ADA328359

Report Date : JUN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 69

Abstract : An interdisciplinary team was tasked to support archaeologists in evaluating an historic Creek Indian village and cemetery site located on Fort Benning, Georgia. The investigations demonstrated that conditions at the site were excellent for the use of nondestructive methods of site investigation. The suite of technologies that was employed provided extensive information about the nature and distribution of subsurface archaeological remains throughout the site, including the precise location and stratigraphic context of additional probable burials. A mix of new and emerging technologies was employed, including laser range finding, global positioning systems, soil conductivity, electromagnetometry, ground penetrating radar, geographic information systems, and geomorphological inference. The use of non-destructive technologies greatly complemented the archaeological and historical investigations, and led to conclusions and inferences that would not have been attainable using conventional archaeological techniques alone. Results of this study provide managers at Fort Benning with the comprehensive informational basis to support the significance of the National Register property, with a management plan commensurate with the importance of the site. Clearly, the study has application to other situations where information can be acquired rapidly and efficiently, in a manner that is highly cost effective and sensitive to Native American concerns for the appropriate treatment of human remains.

Descriptors :   *GEOPHYSICS, *ARCHEOLOGY, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, HUMANS, RADAR, LASERS, STRATIGRAPHY, GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM, HISTORIC SITES, CULTURAL RESOURCES, SITE INVESTIGATIONS, ELECTROMAGNETISM, GEORGIA, AMERICAN INDIANS.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE