Accession Number : ADA328612

Title :   Interactions between Organized, Surface-Confined Monolayers and Vapor-Phase Probe Molecules. 12. Two New Methods for Surface-Immobilization and Functionalization of Chemically Sensitive Dendrimer Surfaces.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Jun-31 Jul 96,

Corporate Author : TEXAS A AND M UNIV COLLEGE STATION DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Tokuhisa, Hideo ; Crooks, Richard M.

PDF Url : ADA328612

Report Date : 31 JUL 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : In this report we demonstrate two new methods for covalently linking dendrimers to surfaces. In the first method (Method 1) a poly(iminopropane-1,3,-diyl) dendrimer with 64 terminal-amine groups is first attached to a mixed mercaptoundecanoic-acid (MUA)/mercaptopentane (MP) SAM, and then the unreacted terminal-amine groups of the dendrimer are converted to amide-linked functional groups by condensation with acid chlorides. The second method (Method 2) involves bulk-phase coupling of suitable functional groups with the primary-amine-terminated dendrimer followed by reaction of the few unfunctionalized primary amines with the MUA component of the SAM to yield amide linkages. Five different dendrimer terminal groups are considered: primary amine, benzamide, 4- (trifluoromethyl)benzamide butanamide, and triphenylacetamide. FTIR external reflection spectroscopy, ellipsometry, variable take-off angle XPS, and surface acoustic wave (SAW) device-based gravimetry reveal that these two approaches result in very different types of dendrimer monolayers. When the dendrimers are prepared by Method 2, their surface concentration is lower than when the functionalization is done after attachment. However, the density of surface functionalities on each dendrimer is higher when dendrimer modification is performed prior to surface attachment. When the benzamido-terminated dendrimer surfaces are dosed with a variety of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), we find that the surface prepared by Method 2 is more sensitive and that there is enhanced selectivity for the VOCs having pi electrons. This result is interpreted in terms of pi-stacking interactions with the aromatic groups on the dendrimer surfaces.

Descriptors :   *TEST METHODS, COUPLING(INTERACTION), BENZENE, COVALENT BONDS, AMINES, CHLORIDES, VOLATILITY, AMIDES, ELLIPSOMETERS, LINKAGES, SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVES, ACETAMIDES, CONDENSATION REACTIONS.

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE