Accession Number : ADA328695

Title :   Feedback for Skill Acquisition: Preliminaries to a Theory of Feedback.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1985-1989,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Schmidt, Richard A.

PDF Url : ADA328695

Report Date : MAY 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 71

Abstract : In training for skills, feedback about skill proficiency termed knowledge of results (KR) in the laboratory is critical to efficient learning. But, while various manipulations of KR in acquisitions can provide immediate benefits for performance, these may disappear in retention tests. In several paradigms, we show that (compared to feedback after each trial) making feedback less useful by giving it less frequently, or by summarizing or averaging it after several trials, degrades performance in acquisition, but produces superior learning as measured on retention or transfer tests. Preliminaries to a guidance theory are proposed on retention or transfer tests and are proposed to account for these effects. In this view, frequent feedback has various negative effects that degrade retention, such as (a) the encouragement of maladaptive short term corrections that disrupt response stability, and (b) the blockage of information processing activities that lead to the learning of error detection capabilities. Practical implications of these concepts for Army training procedures are discussed.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *RETENTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *CONDITIONING(LEARNING), SKILLS, ARMY TRAINING, FEEDBACK, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, MOTIVATION, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), APTITUDES, TRANSFER OF TRAINING.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE