Accession Number : ADA328699

Title :   Illustrating Surface Shape in Volume Data via Principal Direction-Driven 3D Line Integral Convolution.

Descriptive Note : Contract rept.,

Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Interrante, Victoria

PDF Url : ADA328699

Report Date : JUN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : The three dimensional shape and relative depth of a smoothly curving layered transparent surface may be communicated particularly effectively when the surface is artistically enhanced with sparsely distributed opaque detail. This paper describes how the set of principal directions and principal curvatures specified by local geometric operators can be understood to define a natural 'flow' over the surface of an object, and can be used to guide the placement of the lines of a stroke texture that seeks to represent 3D shape information in a perceptually intuitive way. The driving application for this work is the visualization of layered isovalue surfaces in volume data, where the particular identity of an individual surface is not generally known a priori and observers will typically wish to view a variety of different level surfaces from the same distribution, superimposed over underlying opaque structures. By advecting an evenly distributed set of tiny opaque particles, and the empty space between them, via 3D line integral convolution through the vector field defined by the principal directions and principal curvatures of the level surfaces passing through each gridpoint of a 3D volume, it is possible to generate a single scan-converted solid stroke texture that may intuitively represent the essential shape information of any level surface in the volume. To generate longer strokes over more highly curved areas, where the directional information is both most stable and most relevant, and to simultaneously downplay the visual impact of directional information in the flatter regions, one may dynamically redefine the length of the filter kernel according to the magnitude of the maximum principal curvature of the level surface at the point around which it is applied.

Descriptors :   *SURFACE ANALYSIS, *SHAPE, *TRANSPARENCE, *THREE DIMENSIONAL, *CURVATURE, VOLUME, IMPACT, DISTRIBUTION, LAYERS, STRUCTURES, DEPTH, PARTICLES, VECTOR ANALYSIS, FLOW, VISION, FILTERS, TEXTURE, OPACITY, DIRECTIONAL, CONVOLUTION INTEGRALS.

Subject Categories : Numerical Mathematics
      Cybernetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE