Accession Number : ADA328955

Title :   U.S. Foreign Policy Decision-Making During the 1973 Arab/Israel Conflict: Its Impact on Soviet-Egyptian Foreign Policy Relations

Descriptive Note : Research rept

Corporate Author : AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL

Personal Author(s) : Wesselman, William D.

PDF Url : ADA328955

Report Date : APR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 52

Abstract : The historic confrontation between Israel and neighboring Arab countries since Israel's birth in 1947 is well known. However, it was the October 1973 war that provided U.S. foreign policy makers an opportunity to improve upon lukewarm (at best) U.S.-Arab relations in the Middle East. The actors involved and the volatility of the situation necessitated strong, competent leadership and a visionary decision-making capability. The courses of action chosen by President Nixon and Secretary of State Kissinger during those tenuous weeks of conflict would play an integral role in the gradual erosion of Soviet-Egyptian relations and, also impact the Soviet's overall influence in the Middle East, while bolstering U.S. influence in the region. These U.S. foreign policy decisions coupled with a stormy Soviet-Egyptian relationship, set the stage for Egyptian President Sadat's decision to allow the U.S. to act as sole mediator for resolvement of the crisis an action that dealt a severe blow to the USSR and its foreign policy plans in the Middle East.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *ISRAEL, *USSR, *DECISION MAKING, *EGYPTIANS, LEADERSHIP, ARABS, PRESIDENT(UNITED STATES), CONFRONTATION.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE