Accession Number : ADA329098

Title :   Improving National Capacities for Response to Complex Emergencies.

Descriptive Note : Strategy research project,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Lute, Douglas E.

PDF Url : ADA329098

Report Date : 01 JUN 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 51

Abstract : This paper evaluates how the U.S. government coordinates its responses to post- Cold War complex emergencies. Given that the U.S. may choose to be involved in future responses, it argues that the U.S. must adapt its bureaucratic procedures to take account of the new reality of internal conflicts. This adaptation will entail changing the policy-making process to permit timely anticipation of and effective response to humanitarian crises. The aim is to improve policy planning and implementation, increasing US policy coherence and effectiveness white avoiding the pitfalls that have come to typify these operations in practice. The paper begins at the root of the coordination problem: the tasks required on the ground and the actors who can perform these tasks. This assessment highlights the complexity of these emergencies and points out the formidable challenges of coordination at the national policy level. This analysis illuminates four requirements for improved policy coordination. The paper next considers three cases -- Somalia, Haiti and Bosnia -- to compare how the U.S. government coped with unfolding events. The paper concludes with specific recommendations for improving coordination within the U.S. government.

Descriptors :   *EMERGENCIES, *RESPONSE, *MILITARY PLANNING, FOREIGN POLICY, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, CRISIS MANAGEMENT, DECISION MAKING, MILITARY DOCTRINE, PROBLEM SOLVING, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS, OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE