Accession Number : ADA329275

Title :   When the Enemy Has Our Eyes.

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIRPOWER RESEARCH INST

Personal Author(s) : McKinley, Cynthia A.

PDF Url : ADA329275

Report Date : 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 74

Abstract : On January 17, 1991, the United States entered a war that turned the military space community upside down. Until then, the military space community's focus was locked on the strategic concepts that were developed and refined throughout the Cold War. The Gulf War expanded that focus to include the operational and tactical levels of warfare. This change is causing space strategists to consider a broader spectrum of space functions for enhancement, and perhaps most importantly a broader spectrum of measures for space control. In addition to this expanded focus, the reconnaissance satellite playing field continues to undergo significant changes. During all but a few years of the Cold War, there were only two players in the spy satellite game. This was slowly changing toward the end of the Cold War. At the time of its invasion of Kuwait, the Iraqi military was receiving military support from the Soviets and purchasing satellite imagery from the French. Soon after the invasion, the Soviets joined many other nations in their condemnation of the Iraqi government's behavior and the French refused to sell imagery products. This left the United States in possession of a temporary monopoly on the ability to routinely and unobtrusively probe the enemy's battlefield with highly accurate reconnaissance satellites. Those space assets revealed volumes about the Iraqi capabilities and intentions for battle. The United States assured its Gulf War victory through the combined strengths of its overwhelming offensive power and its unprecedented knowledge.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY STRATEGY, *SPACE TECHNOLOGY, *RECONNAISSANCE SATELLITES, USSR, WARFARE, IRAQ, KUWAIT, UNITED STATES, SPACE WARFARE, SPACE COMMUNICATIONS, SATELLITE IMAGERY, PERSIAN GULF WAR.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Unmanned Spacecraft
      Military Intelligence

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE