Accession Number : ADA329631

Title :   Heat Transfer and Flow Structure in End-Wall Boundary Layers.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 93-May 97,

Corporate Author : LEHIGH UNIV BETHLEHEM PA DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS

Personal Author(s) : Smith, C. R. ; Walker, J. D.

PDF Url : ADA329631

Report Date : 20 AUG 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : Analytical, numerical, and experimental stndies have documented the flow development and surface heat transfer for several three dimensional end-wall flows, and indicate the presence of highly unsteady vortex formation within the end-wall boundary layer. This vortex formation process leads rapidly to the evolution of three dimensional separation effects which have a profound influence on the surface heat transfer. Analysis of the three dimensional behavior indicates the presence of persistent and strong interactions between the end-wall boundary layers on both the surface and the side-wall boundary layers of the obstacle. A detailed series of Navier-Stokes calculations have been carried out for a vortex-induced motion similar to that encountered in turbulent boundary layers. As the Reynolds number is increased, a new type of instability associated with surface layer separation was found which leads to brealmp of the surface layer. Experimentally, laminar approach flows always develop discrete, periodic necklace vortices in the junction region, whereas a turbulent approach yields a dominant necklace or horseshoe-shaped vortex that moves chaotically. Examinations of the complex fluid/heat transfer processes using PIV and thermochiomic liquid crystals shows that these junction vortices undergo very strong surface interactions, which creates strongly focused "eruptions" of surface fluid; these studies show a direct correlation between the eruptive processes and local regions of high heat transfer.

Descriptors :   *HEAT TRANSFER, *BOUNDARY LAYER, *TURBULENT BOUNDARY LAYER, *VORTICES, COMPUTATIONS, INTERACTIONS, HIGH TEMPERATURE, MOTION, LIQUID CRYSTALS, SURFACES, CORRELATION, FLUIDS, BEHAVIOR, JUNCTIONS, NAVIER STOKES EQUATIONS, LAMINAR FLOW, INSTABILITY, REYNOLDS NUMBER, THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW.

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics
      Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE